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英语常用短语 (转载)  

2009-01-05 01:12:08|  分类: 美文欣赏 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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在机场 at the airport
火警   the fire alarm
满腔怒火   be filled with anger
因某人之言行而生气 be angry at sth.
生某人的气   be angry with sb.
通知   make an announcement
相继地,按顺序地 one after another
相互,彼此(三者或三者以上之间)  one another
相互(指两者之间) each other
没有回答   give no answer
...而担心   be anxious about
急于做某事   be anxious to do sth.
分开住   live apart
除了   apart from
因某事向某人认错或道歉 make/offer an apology to sb for sth.
与某人争论某事    argue with sb. about sth.
放在一边 lay sth. aside
请某人指点 / 帮助   ask sb. for advice / help
惊讶于... be astonished at sth.
以前,曾经   at one time
注意   pay attention to
...抱正确的态度     take a correct attitude towards sth.
引起(注意,兴趣等) attract one's attention
仰卧/仰泳 lie / swim on one's back
重感冒   a bad cold
两件行李 two pieces of baggage
保持/失去平衡 keep / lose one's balance
在舞会上 at the ball
洗冷水澡 have / take a cold bath
阵亡   be killed in battle
在海滩   on the beach
整理床铺 make the bed
...开始 begin with
...起始,开始   at the beginning of
自始自终   from beginning to end
形成...局面;产生 come into being
安全带   a safety belt
三思而后行。   Second thoughts are best.
尽力,尽最大的努力 do / try one's best
尽量利用,善用   make the best of
一切顺利,万事如意 all the best
黑体地,粗体地 in bold
出身于农民家庭   be born in a peasant's family
鞠躬   make a bow
动动脑子 use one's brains
打破纪录 break the record
深吸一口气 take a deep breath
屏息;憋住气 hold one's breath
上气不接下气 out of breath
刷牙   brush one's teeth
突然哭起来 burst into tears
突然一阵大笑 a burst of laughter
要不是 but for
呼救声 a call for help
保持镇静(别慌) keep calm
保持安静(别吵) keep quiet
保持不动(别动) keep still
保持沉默(别说话) keep silent
夏令营 a summer camp
去野营 go camping
情不自禁... cannot help doing
打牌 play cards
照顾,保管 take care of
医疗护理 medical care
假若那样的话 in that case
以防万一 in case
下倾盆大雨 rain cats and dogs
赶上(或超过) catch up with
偶然 by chance
免费 free of charge
主管,在掌管之下 in charge
...负责 in the charge of
掌管,负责 take charge
高兴起来 cheer up
童年时 in one's childhood
挑选,选择 make a choice
圣诞节时 at Christmas
去做礼拜 go to church
烟头   cigarette end
...鼓掌 give sb. a clap
接近 get close to
一块桌布 a table cloth
一套衣服 a suit of clothes
童装 children's clothing
集邮 collect stamps
产生,发生 come about
(偶然)遇见或发现 come across
走过来;长出,发芽,上升;抬头 come up
共同,共有 in common
参加比赛 compete in a contest
举办音乐会 give a concert
条件是 on condition that
祝贺某人 congratulate sb. on sth.
相反地 on the contrary
失控 out of control
...谈话;交谈   have a conversation with sb.
...期间/过程中 in / during the course of
...覆盖 be covered with
因某事和某人发脾气 be cross with sb. at sth.
划掉 cross out
...残忍 be cruel to sb.
立方米 cubic meter
...感到好奇 be curious about sth.
...造成巨大损害 do great damage to
处境危险 in danger
过时 out of date
在不久前,前几天 the other day
...充耳不闻 be deaf to sth.
对付,应付 deal with
负债    in debt
还清债务 out of debt
做出决定 make a decision
做好事 do good deeds
付诸行动,生效 do the deed
直到深夜 deep into the night
沉思 deep in thought
深夜 deep into the night
毫不耽搁,立刻 without delay
迟迟未做某事 delay doing sth.
发表(演说等) deliver a speech
满足要求 meet the demands
外语系 foreign language department
百货商店 department store
难以形容 beyond description
决心做某事 be determined to do sth.
随着工业的发展 with the development of industry
献身于,致力于 devote oneself to
处于灭亡的危险中 be in danger of dying out
没作用,没影响 make no difference
...有困难,难以...   have difficulty in doing sth.
应邀赴宴 be invited to dinner
向四面八方 in all directions
做出新的发现 make a new discovery
正在讨论中 under discussion
洗盘子 wash dishes
在远方,在远处 in the distance
...冷淡 be distant toward sb.
...有益 do good to
做坏事,犯罪 do wrong
挨门挨户 from door to door
隔壁的 next door
下楼 go downstairs
到市区去 go downtown
缓慢前进,拖延 drag one's feet
催人泪下 draw tears from sb.
渴望做某事 dream of doing sth.
在墙上钻孔   drill a hole in the wall
赶走 drive off
使某人发狂   drive sb. mad
挣钱 earn money
谋生 earn one's living
究竟 on earth
别着急,别紧张,放松些 take it easy
...有很大影响 have a great effect on
努力做某事 make efforts to do sth.
鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth.
量入而出;使收支相抵 make ends meet
美满的结局 a happy ending
说英语的国家   English-speaking countries
报名比赛 enter oneself for a contest
剧场的入口   the entrance to the theater
在除夕 on New Year's Eve
虽然,即使   even if / even though
时事 current events
参加考试   have / take an examination
进行体格检查 carry out a medical examination
考试及格 pass an examination
...树立榜样 set an example to sb.
做早操 do morning exercises
产生,成立 come into existence
做实验     carry / do / make an experiment
做解释,说明 make an explanation
做鬼脸,装怪相 make a face
事实上 as a matter of fact
未能... fail to do sth.
落后,掉队 fall behind
...而熟悉 be familiar with sth.
...而闻名 be famous for
作为...而闻名 be famous as
摸某人的脉 feel one's pulse
觉得想做... feel like doing sth.
伤害某人的感情 hurt one's feelings
春节 the Spring Festival
发高烧 have a high fever
科学领域 the field of science
五十多岁时 in one's fifties
关键人物 a key figure
填写表格 fill in the form
刹那间 in a flash
一场大洪水 a big / great flood
扫地 sweep the floor
在三层 on the third floor
三层楼的建筑 a building of three storeys
正在开花 be in flowers
放(风筝等) fly a kite
糊里糊涂 in a fog
欺骗,愚弄某人 make a fool of sb.
在山脚下 at the foot of the mountain
空军 the air force
靠武力,强行 by force
用很大力气 with great force
对外贸易 foreign trade
养成好习惯 form a good habit
碰碰运气 try one's fortune
每四个一组(一批);四个四个地 in fours
常客 a frequent visitor
新手 a fresh hand
...交朋友 make friends with
那时起 from then on
不时地,时常 from time to time
不劳而不获。 No pains, no gains.
做游戏 play games
代沟 generation gap
开始认真(做某事) get down to sth.
陷入麻烦 get into trouble
有音乐天分 have a gift for music
用尽,耗尽,筋疲力尽 give out
...看了一眼 take a glance at
向人瞪眼,怒目而视 glare at
(灯,火)熄灭 go out
复习功课 go over the lesson
进了一个球 score a goal
犯语法错误    make mistakes in grammar
懂某人的意思 grasp one's meaning
勿踏草地 keep off the grass
养成...的习惯 get into the habit of
用手 by hand
分发 hand out
一方面...另一方面...    on the one hand...on the other hand
少量的 a handful of
过幸福生活 live a happy life
损害,伤害 do harm to
一个好收成 a good harvest
保持镇静 keep one's head
身体好 in good health
记住某事 learn / know sth. by heart
紧握某物 keep a tight hold on sth.
握住;抓住 catch / take / get hold of
趾高气扬 hold one's head high
暑假 the summer holidays
休假 on holiday
为(向)... 表示敬意;为了纪念... in honour of
对某人抱很大希望 have high hope for sb.
怀着...的希望 in the hope of doing sth.
住院 be in hospital
大约一小时 an hour or so
挨饿 go hungry
打猎 go hunting
匆匆忙忙 in a hurry
不知道 have no idea
但愿,要是...就好了 if only
给某人留下好印象 make a good impression on sb.
慢慢前进 inch one's way forward
患难之交才是真朋友。 A friend in need is a friend indeed.
告诉某人某事 inform sb of sth
坚持要做 insist on doing
视察工厂 inspect a factory
激动人心的演讲 an inspiring speech
急需帮助 in instant need of help
打断谈话 interrupt a conversation
介绍信 a letter of introduction
收到请帖 receive an invitation
邀请信 a letter of invitation
讲笑话 tell a joke
和某人开玩笑 play a joke with sb.
旅行 make a journey
使某人高兴的是 to one's joy
不可以貌取人。   Don't judge a man by his looks.
初中 a junior high school
正在那时 just then
...保持联系 keep in touch with
使...不进入... keep out of
成功的秘诀 the key to success
踢门 kick the door
踢掉鞋子 kick off one's shoes
跪下 go down / fall on one's knees
敲门 knock at the door
最迟,至迟 at the latest
迟早 sooner or later
哈哈大笑起来 burst into laughter
违(守)法 break / obey the law
制定一条法律 make a law
摆设餐具(准备吃饭) lay the table
过着简朴的生活 lead a simple life
忽略,遗漏 leave out
听关于...的讲座 attend a lecture on
给某人一个教训 teach sb. a lesson
...在中吸取教训 take a lesson from
惊讶地叫了一声 let out a cry of surprise
透漏消息 let out the news
大写字母 a capital letter
仰卧 / 俯卧 lie on one's back / stomach
复活,苏醒过来 come back to life
交通信号灯 traffic lights
列一张购物清单 make a shopping list
谋生,度日 make a living
丧生,死;牺牲 lose one's life
泄气;灰心 lose heart
失音 lose one's voice
输一场 lose a game
祝你好运。 Wish you good luck.
洗衣机 a washing machine
欣喜若狂 be mad with joy
邮寄包裹 send the parcel by mail
赚钱 make money
交朋友 make friends
取得进步 make progress
利用 make use of
编造故事 make up a story
弥补某人的过失   make up for one's mistake
有礼貌 have good manners
商标 a trade mark
满分 full marks
观看一场篮球比赛   watch a basketball match
进行比赛 have a match
祝你成功。 May you success.
五一节 May Day
通过这种方式 by this means
...方法,依靠 by means of
决不 by no means
...尺寸做   make...to one's measure
采取措施 take a measure
量身高 measure one's height
获得金牌 get a gold medal
医疗队 a medical team
体检 medical examination
吃药 take / have some medicine
满足...的需要 meet the needs of
遇到风暴 meet with a storm
去开会 go to a meeting
开会 have a meeting
举行会议 hold a meeting
为纪念 in memory of
...一点儿也不怜悯 have no mercy on sb.
毫不容情地;残忍地 without mercy
...支配下;任由...摆布 at the mercy of
圣诞快乐! Merry Christmas!
给某人捎个信儿 take a message for sb.
中秋节 Mid-autumn Day
上百万的,许许多多的 millions of
改变主意 change one's mind
当心油漆未干。 Mind the wet paint!
下决心 make up one's mind
外交部长     the minister of foreign affairs
错过机会 miss an opportunity
犯错误 make a mistake
由疏忽所致 by mistake
现代 in modern times
零钱 small money
某人身上没(带)钱 have no money with sb.
选某人为班长 make sb. monitor
某一天清早 on the early morning
在山顶上 at the top of the mountain
参加海军 join the navy
如果有必要的话 if necessary
需要帮助 in need of help
呈现一片新面貌 take on a new look
打某人的鼻子 hit sb. on the nose
做笔记 make / take notes
...无关 have nothing to do with
张贴通知 put up a notice
对某人毫不在意 pay no notice to sb.
运转着,实施中 be in operation
订购某物 place an order for sth.
失业了 out of work
一副眼镜 a pair of glasses
颐和园 the Summer Palace
此处禁止停车! No parking here!
...方面起积极作用 take an active part in
在过去的几天里 in the past few days
对某人有耐心 be patient with sb.
熟能生巧。 Practice makes perfect.
演出,表演 put on performances
亲自,当面 in person
给某人照相 take a photo of sb.
弹钢琴 play the piano
摘花 pick flowers
捡钱包 pick up a wallet
去野餐 go out for a picnic
一堆书 a pile of books
可怜某人(因同情而帮助某人)  have / take pity on sb.
出于同情 out of pity
代替 in place of
坐某人的座位,代替某人的职务 take one's place
举行,发生 take place
代替,代理 take the place of
订计划 make a plan
玩牌 play cards
对某人开一个玩笑 play a joke on sb.
...一起玩 play with sb.
在操场上 on the playground
...感到满意 be pleased with
喜欢做某事 take pleasure in doing sth.
生活富裕 live in plenty
正要...的时候 on the point of
对某人有礼貌 be polite to sb.
受某人喜爱 be popular with sb.
占有,拥有 take possession of
发电站 power station
当权,执政 take power
因为某事赞扬某人 praise sb. for sth.
赞扬 in praise of
出席会议 be present at a meeting
眼下 at present
互赠礼物 exchange presents
在压力下 under pressure
防止某人做某事 prevent sb. from doing
...为代价 at the price of
无论花多少代价(不惜任何代价) at any price
...为自豪;对...感到得意 take pride in
小学 primary school
入狱,被监禁 go to prison
在狱中服刑 be in prison
将某人送进监狱 throw / put sb. into prison
越狱 escape from prison
解决问题 solve the problem
回答问题 answer the question
遵守诺言 keep one's promise
答应,许下诺言 make a promise
...自豪 be proud of
养家糊口 provide food and clothes for one's family
公共事务 public affairs
舆论 public opinion
当众,公开 in public
出版社 publishing house
故意地 on purpose
...推到一边 push aside
推倒,(风)刮倒 push over
拖延,推迟 put off
不可能 out of the question
接力赛 a relay race
通过无线电广播 on the radio
衣衫褴褛,穿破衣服 in rags
在火车站 at the railway station
小(大)雨 light / heavy rain
一线希望 a ray of hope
伸手去拿 reach for sth.
够不着 out of ones' reach
乐意干某事 be ready to do
事实上 in reality
实现希望 realize one's hope
为此,为此理由 for this reason
接待处 reception desk
参考;谈到 refer to
留在某人的记忆中 remain in one's memory
提醒某人做某事 remind sb. to do sth.
使某人想起 remind sb. of sth.
...请求 by request
因此,结果 as a result
盛产;有大量的... be rich in
除掉 get rid of
抢走某人某物 rob sb. of sth.
起重要作用 play an important role
扮演...的角色 play the role of
...腾出地方 make room for
对某人无礼 be rude to sb.
用完 run out of
高峰时间,拥挤时间 rush hour
满足某人的需要 satisfy one's needs
节省体力 save one's strength
也就是说 that is to say
为某事责备某人 scold sb. for sth.
就座,坐下 take one's seat
不让人知道某事,保密 keep sth. a secret
抓住小偷的衣领 seize a thief by the collar
与某人握手 shake hands with sb.
店员;营业员 shop assistant
领某人出去/进来 show sb. out / in
炫耀 show off
对岸;在...另一面 on the other side of
支持某人(方) take the side of
站在...一边 take sides in
看不见 lose sight of
看到,发现 catch sight out
看不见 out of sight
静静地 in silence
...类似的 be similar to
单程票 single ticket
...的大小(尺寸) take the size of
偷偷塞给某人一张纸条 slip a note into one's hand
在雪地上滑倒 slip on the snow
克服困难 smooth away difficulties
大约 or so
...有关系 have something to do with
国歌 the national song
大胆地说,清楚并响亮地说 speak out
发言,演讲 make a speech
...的速度 at a speed of
平方公里 square kilometers
代表,象征 stand for
饿死 starve to death
处于良好状态 in a good state
逐步地,一步一步地 step by step
遵守诺言 stick to one's word / promise
趴在地上 lie on one's stomach
四层楼的住宅 a house of four storeys
赶上风暴 be caught in the storm
...要求严格 be strict with sb. in sth.
擦火柴 strike a match
挣扎着起来 struggle to one's feet
仔细研究 make a study of
突然,冷不防 all of a sudden
暑假 summer holidays
向某人供应/提供 supply sb. with sth.
使某人惊奇的是 to one's surprise
擦脸上的汗 sweat off one's face
坐下吃饭 sit down to table
纳税 pay one's taxes
沏茶 make tea
用望远镜 through a telescope
讲故事 tell a story
辨别,分清 tell one from the other
量体温 take one's temperature
数以万计 tens of thousands of
...吓了一跳 be terrified at
因某事感谢某人 be thankful to sb. for sth.
扔掉 throw away
吐出(食物),呕吐 throw up
立刻,很快 in no time
交通堵塞 traffic jam
跟某人开玩笑,欺骗某人 play a trick on sb.
处于困境(苦恼)中 be in trouble
一条裤子 a pair of trousers
上大学 attend university
拜访某人 pay a visit to sb.
高声地(喊) at the top of one's voice
在交战 at war
穿旧;使筋疲力尽 wear out
拔草 pull out the weeds
穿着白色衣服 be dressed in white
通盘,作为整体 as a whole
总的来说 on the whole
有志者事竟成。Where there is a will, there is a way.
乐意做某事 be willing to do sth.
擦掉灰尘 wipe off the dust
创造奇迹 make wonders
不足为奇;难怪 no wonder
插话 get in a word
和某人说句话 have a word with sb.
总之,简言之 in a word
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